Maurya Empire

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Approximate Dates of Mauryan Dynasty

Emperor Reign start Reign end
Chandragupta Maurya 322 BC 298 BC
Bindusara 297 BC 272 BC
Ashoka, The Great 273 BC 232 BC
Dasaratha 232 BC 224 BC
Samprati 224 BC 215 BC
Salisuka 215 BC 202 BC
Devavarman 202 BC 195 BC
Satadhanvan 195 BC 187 BC
Brihadratha 187 BC 185 BC

 

This is the famous original sandstone sculpted Lion Capital of Ashoka preserved at Sarnath Museum which was originally erected around 250 BCE atop an Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath. The angle from which this picture has been taken, minus the inverted bell-shaped lotus flower, has been adopted as the National Emblem of India showing the Horse on the left and the Bull on the right of the Ashoka Chakra in the circular base on which the four Indian lions are standing back to back. On the far side there is an Elephant and a Lion instead. The wheel “Ashoka Chakra” from its base has been placed onto the center of the National Flag of India

Chandragupta Maurya

Reign: 322 BCE-298 BCE
Born:  340 BCE
Died : 298 BCE
Successor:  Bindusara
Royal House: Mauryan dynasty
Religious beliefs: Vedic Hindu, Jain

In the Forth cantury AD a new Indian dyansty, the guptas,arose in Magadha and established a larges kingdom over the greater part of northern india.

Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Maurya Empire.Chandragupta succeeded in bringing together most of the Indian subcontinent. As a result, Chandragupta is considered the first unifier of India and its first genuine emperor. In foreign Greek and Latin accounts, Chandragupta is known as Sandrokuptos, Sandrokottos, or Androcottus.

His achievements, which ranged from defeating Alexander the Great’s Macedonian satrapies and conquering the Nanda Empire by the time he was only about 20 years old, to defeating Seleucus I Nicator and establishing centralized rule throughout South Asia, remain some of the most celebrated in the history of India. Over two thousand years later, the accomplishments of Chandragupta and his successors, including Ashoka the Great, are objects of great study in the annals of South Asian and world history.

Under Chandragupta Maurya, the whole of northern India was united.Trade flourished, agriculture was regulated, weights and measures were standardized. Money first came into use. Taxation, sanitation and famine relief became the concerns of the State. His son and successor, Bindusara (296 BC – 273 BC), extended the kingdom further and conquered the south as far as Mysore.

Chandragupta’s adviser or prime minister Chanakya, who is also known as Kautilya and was the author of the Arthashastra, is regarded as the architect of Chandragupta’s early rise to power. Chandragupta Maurya, with the help of Chanakya, began laying the foundation of the Maurya Empire. In all forms of the Chanakya legend,[33] he is thrown out of the Nanda court by the king, whereupon he swears revenge. While in Magadha, Chanakya by chance met Chandragupta in whom he spotted great military and executive abilities. Chanakya was impressed by the prince’s personality and intelligence, and immediately took the young boy under his wing to fulfill his silent vow.