knowledge — 03 March 2011
History of kushwaha

 

 

Legend and early history The Kachhawas or kushwaha  belong to the Suryavanshi lineage, which claims descent from the Surya and Sun Dynasty of the ancient Kshatriyas. Specifically, they are descent from Kusha[1] younger of the twin sons of Rama, hero of the Ramayana, to whom patrilineal descent from Surya is in turn ascribed. Indeed, the name Kachawaha is held by many[2] to be a patronymic derived from the name “Kusha”. However, it has been suggested that Kachwaha is a diminutive of the Sanskrit conjoint word ”Kachhahap-ghata” or ”Tortoise-killer”; Tortoise in Sanskrit being Kashyapa, although there may be several connotations for the interpretation of these terms. According to Vishnu Purana[5], Bardic chronicles and popular tradition; Sumitra was the last king of this dynasty in Ayodhya. In fourth century BC Mahapadma Nanda of Nanda Dynasty included Ayodhya in his empire and Kushwahas were forced to leave. Kurma was son of Sumitra thus migrated from their parental abode and established themself at the bank of the river son, where they constructed a fort called the Rohtas (Rahatas) fort. T.H. Henley, states in his Rulers of India and the Chiefs of Rajputana that the Kachwaha clan is believed to have settled in an early era at Rohtas(Rahatas) on the son river in present-day Bihar. He notes however that their notable seats of power were Kutwar, Gwalior, Dubkhund, Simhapaniya and Narwar (Nalapura), all in present-day Madhya Pradesh. This second westwards migration to Madhaya Pradesh is said to have been initiated under Raja Nala, the legendary founder of Narwar. James Tod, has recorded the view as being prevalent in his time, that the clan occupied Narwar in the 10th century and remained there until Narwar was captured by Parihara Rajputs in the 12th century, however local history suggests that the Kachwahas were in Narwar several centuries earlier than the date given by Tod”s arbitrary view. Many historians aver that the Kacchapaghatas, like the Chandellas and Paramaras, originated as tributaries of the preceding powers of the region. They point out that it was only following the downfall, in the 8th-10th century, of Kannauj (the regional seat-of-power, following the break-up of Harsha”s empire), that the Kacchapaghata state emerged as a principal power in the Chambal[6] valley of present-day Madhya Pradesh. This view is largely supported by archaeological artefacts[3] and Kacchapaghata coinage (minted in Gupta-fashion)[4] discovered in Madya pradesh, as also by inscriptions of Gopasetra (Willis). It is interesting to note that according to popular legend,[5] the rise of the Kachwahas in Madhya Pradesh is closely associated with Suraj/Surya Sen, a Kachwaha prince of the 8th century, whom is said to have been responsible for the building of Gwalior fort and the founding of that city[7][8]. In the oldest section of Gwalior fort there still exists a sacred pond known as the Suraj-Kund [9]. It may thus be logical that the Kachwaha rule in Chambal valley predates the dates ascribed in the Sas-Bahu insription. According to an inscription in the Sas-Bahu temple within Gwalior fort, Vajradaman (Vazradaman) (964-1000 AD), the successor of the Kacchapaghata ruler Laksmana (940-964 AD) “put down the rising power of the ruler of Gandhinagara (Kannauj) and his proclamation-drum resounded on the fort of Gopadri (Gwalior).” Lakshmana father of Vajradamana was son of Dhola or Salhkumar (It is thus believed that Vajradamana was grandson of Dhola or Salhkumar). According to Bardic chronicles and popular legend, Vazradaman was succeeded by his son Mangalraja. Mangalraja had two sons Kirtiraj(Kirtirai) and Sumitra. While Sumitra got Narwar in succession, Kirtiraj got Gwalior. Kirtiraja, also founded the temple city of Simhapaniya (present-day Sihonia),[6] there he had a Shiva temple constructed to fulfil the wish of his queen Kakanwati. Built between 1015 to 1035 A.D., the Kakan Math temple is 115 ft.vals in splendour the temples of Khajuraho.[7] Interestingly Simphaniya like present day Jaipur, was a flourishing center of Jainism. After Sumitra, Madhubramh, Kanh, Devanik, and Isha Singh ruled Narwar. The Sas-Bahu inscription is dated to 1093 AD and it gives the genealogy of the ruling family up to Mahipal who died sometime before 1104 AD. Prior to the adoption of the Pachrang (five coloured) flag by Raja Man Singh I of Amber, the original flag of the Kachwahas was known as the ”Jharshahi” (tree-marked) flag. The flag is based on the archaic flag of Ayodhya, the ”Kanchnar-dhavaj” flag of Rama, which is composed of the figure of a Kachnar tree on a white cloth. The Famous 7th century, Sanskrit poet Bhavabhuti whom was a resident of Padmavati, near Narwar, the abode of the Kachwahas at the time, also gives mention to this flag in his celebrated drama ”Uttara Ramacharita”.

Related Articles

Share

About Author

i am web designer and game developer for iphone, ipad, android mobiles, mac and windows. that all about me. Twitter URL: http://twitter.com/queryamit Facebook URL: http://facebook.com/queryamit LinkedIn URL: http://www.linkedin.com/in/queryamit email me:queryamit@gmail.com

(11) Readers Comments

  1. we need more and more education should come farward for social work and on self realization to mass

  2. good!! u have done very well, though i am 30 year old and an IITian, i did not know too much about our community, after knowing history of kushwaha i am very proud to be a Kushwaha………

    I think this site will help many people like me to know about our kushwaha community.

    Unit all kushwaha from world and lets do better for our community.

  3. Mr. Amit, keep it up, still we are not known our dynasty that we are from high lineage, we have proud of it,
    now there are two impoertant things with us, our history becomes our proudious and present secenerio make us demoralised that our community are under severe lace of Education,political strength,poorness,lack of unity,most of land was owned by kushwaha/kachwaha and still have but they are selling it out and misusing the capital,we have to think how to come up ourself and educate our community,your efforts are welldone,if you need our help we are……..
    Rajesh Kushwaha
    New Delhi/Gurgoan

  4. Namo tasya bhagwato arhato samma sam budhasy

  5. Mr. Amit, still i dont know much more about our dynasty. so keep it, i think many people like me will know more about our community.

    I proud to be a kushwaha.

    Naval Kishore kushawaha(PHAMACIST)

  6. we have to still improvement in the hisory of our community. i have some knowledge of our history based on the folk tale.

    I appreciate you to telling about our community to the people keep it up.

    I proud to be a kushwaha.

    Naval kishore singh kushwaha (pharmacist)..

  7. I proud to be a kushwaha.

  8. I am very happy .kushwaha community pages is very imp for gave in information….
    thanks*****

  9. what is the difference b/w ancient rajput and that time of rajput now a day

    • For any History its need to be preserved for coming generation , but in mean time there is many attacks of invaders that keep changing the history , same time impact of other religion , Modification these things impact our History at lot , Kshatriya is pure word instead Rajput word itself . Read other articles to know in depth , its a Big topic to discuss , kushwaha are Kshatriya decedents of kush (son of lord ram) which itself shows our identity . whatever being connected i see make fake peoples uses same titles kushwaha , thats effecting our social respect . same titles are used by some other caste like mahto , mehta , maurya these are few examples . its needed uniqueness in our name to be recognize by peoples in our community like Name singh kushwaha . ancient rajputs ( kshatriya) have proper family tree , proper origin , sub clan , gotra m we knows by these things , any one come and says i am Rajput is not like that. soon i will provide more details about various clans of rajputs and their origins too .read articles on website if needed can contact me i will try provide more details ..

      Amit

  10. Dear Amit,
    Thanks for providing a platform to discuss our identity. Our past glory can not be restored if we criticize others. Rajput and Kshatriya words are not synonyms. Rajput means sons of Kings and Kshatriya means warriors. Rajputs ruled the country being son of Kings of different origins while Kshatriyas perform their Kshatra Dharm means savior of common man as their duty. In ancient history we find Rajput no where and they came in Indian political arena after fall of Harshvardhan’s empire. All the persons who use Kushwaha, Shakya, Maurya, Saini etc titles are branches of Suryavansh (Ikshaku Vansh). Brahman scholars tried to demean us because we consider ourselves superior to them. Ancient Kshatriyas established their own religions (Buddhist and Jain) in answer to Brahmin’s work. Ancient Books describe Kshatriya to only us but still some forces want to humiliate and divide us. As per ancient Buddist Text ‘Mahaparinibbana Sutta’, when Moriyas (Mauryas) of Pipalivan came to know that at Kusinara, Shakyamuni Bhadrakachchha Tathagat Gautam Buddha had passed away, they sent a message to the king of Malla dynasty of Kusinara, saying: “The Shakyamuni Buddha was a Kshatriya and we are too. We are worthy to receive a portion of the relics of the Blessed One. We will erect a Stup over the relics of the Blessed One and hold a festival in his honor.” Rajput may be considered as subcaste of Kshatriyas but there should not be any doubt on our Kshatriya origin. Today we are in transition stage of consolidation process of all branches of Suryavanshi Kshatriyas and like Chandravanshi Yadav, we are seeking for a common title. That may be Kushwaha, Shakya or anything else. Kushwaha has its importance as they believe their origin from Kush; a son of Lord Ram and Shakya has its importance as this title is globally well known due to Bhadrakachchh Shakyamuni Buddha and Mauryan Emperors who were branch of Shakya Kshatriya. We all are one and we should respect each other.
    Jai Hind….. Jai Shakya……. Jai Kushwaha………..

Leave a Reply