EDUCATION AND PREPARATION FOR THE THRONE
In 1903, MAHARAJA HARI SINGH served as a Page of Honour to Lord Curzon at the grand Delhi Durbar. At the age of 13, MAHARAJA HARI SINGH was dispatched toMayo College in Ajmer. A year later in 1909, when his father died, the British took a personal interest in his education and appointed Major H.K. Brar as his guardian. After Mayo College the ruler-in-waiting went to the Imperial Cadet Corps at Dehra Dun for military training, imbibing its British upper-crust atmosphere and polishing his English to a high gloss, and by the age of 20 he had been appointed commander-in-chief of the JAMMU & KASHMIR state forces.
The death of his uncle, Sir Pratap Singh, in 1925, MAHARAJA HARI SINGH ascended the throne of JAMMU & KASHMIR. He made primary education compulsory in the State, introduced laws prohibiting child marriage and threw open places of worship for the low castes.
MAHARAJA HARI SINGH was hostile towards the Indian National Congress, in part because of the close friendship between Kashmiri political activist and socialist Sheikh Abdullah and Nehru. He also opposed the Muslim League and its members’ communalist outlook illustrated in their two-nation theory. During the Second World War, from 1944-1946 MAHARAJA HARI SINGH was a member of the Imperial War Cabinet.
In 1947, after India gained independence from British rule, JAMMU & KASHMIR had the option to join either India or Pakistan or to remain independent. He originally maneuvered to maintain his independence by playing off India and Pakistan. There was a widespread belief that rulers of the princely states, in deciding to accede to India or Pakistan, should respect the wishes of the population, but few rulers took any steps to consult on such decisions. JAMMU & KASHMIR was a Muslim majority state, and a mutiny of Muslim regiments in Gilgit followed in October 1947. MAHARAJA HARI SINGH appealed to India for help. India refused to come to his aid unless he acceded to India.
MAHARAJA HARI SINGH signed the Instrument of Accession on October 26, 1947, acceding the whole of his princely state (including JAMMU & KASHMIR, Northern Areas, Ladakh, Trans-Karakoram Tract and Aksai Chin) to the Dominion of India.These events triggered the first Indo-Pakistan War.
After abdicating in favour of his son and heir, MAHARAJA HARI SINGH retired to Bombay (Mumbai), where he died on 26 April 1961 of a heart attack, aged 65. His sonYuvraj (Crown Prince) DR KARNA SINGH elected ‘Sadr-e-Riyasat’ (‘President of the Province’) and Governor of the State in 1964.
The British Crown is at the top, representing Emperor of India, whose Resident was posted in KASHMIR. An unidentified object is below the crown. Two soldiers are holding two flags. An image of the sun is between them, as the KSHATRIYA clan to which MAHARAJA HARI SINGH belonged claimed to have descended from the sun. The sword crossing the two flags maysignify that the state was conquered by force of arms. The inscription at the bottom needs to be deciphered.Yuvraj (Crown Prince), i.e., heir-apparent DR KARNA SINGH(9 March 1931-)The last ruler of JAMMU & KASHMIR was MAHARAJA HARI SINGH who ascended the throne in 1925. The MAHARAJA HARI SINGH was one the most progressive rulers of his times. He was a progressive ruler and much loved by his subjects. His reign saw the accession of JAMMU & KASHMIR to the newly independent Indian Union in 1947. Although he originally manouvred to maintain his independence by playing off Indiaand Pakistan against each other, MAHARAJA HARI SINGH, the last king of the KSHATRIYA SURYAVANSHI kingdom of JAMMU & KASHMIR, ceded his kingdom to theIndian Union in 1947. In 1951, MAHARAJA HARI SINGH’S rule was terminated by the assembly and his son YUVRAJ DR KARNA SINGH was made ‘Sadr-e-Riyasat’ (‘President of the State’) and Governor of the State in 1964.
DR KARNA SINGH is an Indian politician and member of the royal family of JAMMU & KASHMIR. He is a MP in the Rajya Sabha, a senior member of the ruling Indian National Congress Party serving as Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Department, President of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR), India’s Ambassador toUNESCO, Chairman of the Auroville Foundation and of the Temple of Understanding, author, diplomat, champion of interfaith dialogue, and HINDU (SANATAN-DHARMA) Scholar. DR KARNA SINGH(born 1931) is the son of the last ruler of the princely state of JAMMU & KASHMIR MAHARAJA HARI SINGH In the 26th amendment to theConstitution of India promulgated in 1971, the Government of India abolished all official symbols of princely India, including titles, privileges, and remuneration (privy purses).DR KARNA SINGH received the Padma Vibhushan in 2005.
To know more about Kushwaha “Kshatriya Suryavanshi”
- MANUSCRIPT(PANDULIPI) & PLACES IN MODERN INDIA-JAYPUR (JAYNAGAR-SAWAI JAY SINGH), KASHMIR (HARI SINGH) & ROHTAS(BIHAR)
- MANUSCRIPT(PANDULIPI) & PLACES IN ANCIENT INDIA-NALANDA & PATLIPUTRA(BIHAR),AYODHYA & KASHI/KACHI OR VARANASI (UP),GWALIOR & INDORE(MP), MEHROLI (DELHI),KONARK(ORISA)
- MODERN HISTORY-KSHATRIYAANA & MARATHA
- ANCIENT HISTORY-VISHNUPURAN,RAMAYAN & BODHGRANTH(MAHAPARINIRWANSHUTRA,DIVYA-VADAN,ASHOK-VADAN,DIP-VANSH,MAHA-VANSH & MANJUSRI-MULKALP)
Note –Prefer only Sanskrit/Pali version Puranic granths for ancient Indian History